About the UGC NET Exam

Commonly known as UGC NET, University Grants Commission (UGC) National Eligibility Test (NET) is an entrance test conducted in order to select the eligible candidates for the post of Assistant Professor for Colleges/Universities level lectureship and for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). JRF awardees will be eligible to pursue research in their postgraduate subject from IIT’s or other national organisations. Such candidates are also eligible for the post of Assistant Professor in Colleges/Universities of India. The award of ‘Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Assistant Professor both’ or ‘Eligibility for Assistant Professor only’ depends on the performance of the candidate in both the papers of UGC-NET in aggregate.  Candidates who qualify for ‘Assistant Professor only’ are not eligible for award of JRF. Candidates who qualify the Test for eligibility for Assistant Professor governed by the rules and regulations for recruitment of Assistant Professor of the concerned universities/colleges/state governments.

Who Will Conduct UGC NET Exam?  

The UGC NET exam was initiated by UGC and later, the CBSE conducted the NET in 84 subjects at 91 centres across the country. From December 2018 onwards, the responsibility of UGC NET has been transferred to the National Testing Agency (NTA), which has been established as a premier and autonomous testing organization for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.


UGC NET Syllabus 2022


Online applications for this exam were started by the National Testing Agency on May 2022 (Expected) and the last date to apply was fixed as May 2022 (Expected). Now the written exam for this exam will be held from June 2022 (Expected) for which all the students are preparing diligently. Because in this exam you will be passed only based on your marks. Admit card for this exam will be issued 10 days in advance.

The National Eligibility Test will be conducted in two shifts in which the first shift is from 9:30 am to 12 noon and the second shift is from 3 pm to 6 pm. In the examination, you will be passed based on your marks only and there will be no discrimination of any kind. You can prepare for this exam by going through the syllabus. Because in the syllabus you will be given complete information about the topic and pattern of the exam, so you can get good marks in the exam.


UGC NET Exam Pattern 2022


While preparing for this exam you should also be aware of the exam pattern. Because through this you can know what type of questions will be given to you in this exam and how many questions will be given. So in our article, you will get complete information about it:-


  • The NET exam will have two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2.
  • All the questions in Paper 1 and Paper 2 will be of multiple-choice type.
  • A total of 150 questions will be given in the exam.
  • You will be given 3 hours for this exam.
  • There will be no negative marking of any kind in the UGC exam.
  • In Paper 1, you will be asked questions from common subjects.
  • In Paper 2, you will be given questions from 81 subjects chosen by you.
Sr.No. Subject Total Ques Total Marks
1. General Aptitude 50 100
2. Subject Selected by Candidates 100 200
Total 150 300


Sr.No. Subjects Total Ques Total Marks Time Duration
1. Teaching Aptitude 05 10 3 Hours
2. Reading Comprehension 05 10
3. Reasoning 05 10
4. Data Interpretation 05 10
5. People & Environment 05 10
6. Higher Education System: Governance, Polity & Administration 05 10
7. Information & Communication Technology (ICT) 05 10
8. Logical Reasoning 05 10
9. Communication 05 10
10. Research Aptitude 05 10
Total 50 100



UGC NET Syllabus 2022


The prior step of preparing for UGC NET is to go through with the UGC NET syllabus as this helps the aspirants to plan their preparations in a well-defined manner. UGC NET 2022 exam will consist of 2 papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2), the UGC NET Paper 1 will be a common paper for all candidates while Paper 2 will be based on the subject selected by the candidate. Let’s have a look at the detailed UGC NET Syllabus for UGC NET 2022 Exam:


UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 1


The UGC NET syllabus for Paper 1 consists of the subjects that will be helpful in analysing the candidate’s teaching and research ability, cognitive abilities, general awareness about teaching and learning processes in the higher education system. The detailed syllabus and UGC NET Paper-1 Syllabus PDF file link have been provided below:


Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude Syllabus


Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner-centred methods; offline vs. Online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer-based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.


Unit-II: Research Aptitude Syllabus


Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivism approach to research.

Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Steps of Research.

Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

Application of ICT in research.

Research ethics.


Unit-III Comprehension Syllabus


A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered.


Unit-IV: Communication


  • Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
  • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
  • Barriers to effective communication.
  • Mass-Media and Society. 

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude Syllabus


Types of reasoning.

  • Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
  • Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.). 

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning Syllabus


Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, the structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.


Venn diagram: Simple and multiple uses for establishing the validity of arguments.

Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).


Unit-VII: Data Interpretation Syllabus


  • Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
  • Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
  • Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
  • Data Interpretation.
  • Data and Governance. 

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus


ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

Basics of the Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

Digital initiatives in higher education.

ICT and Governance.


Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment Syllabus


Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.


Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

Impacts of pollutants on human health.

Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.


Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.


Unit-X: Higher Education System Syllabus


Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

Professional, Technical and Skill-Based education.

Value education and environmental education.

Policies, Governance, and Administration.


NOTE: (i) Five questions each carrying 2 marks are to be set from each Module.

(ii) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a passage followed by an equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.


UGC NET Syllabus for Paper 2


UGC NET Paper 2 will be based on subject-wise selected by the candidate. Paper-II will also consist of only 100 objective type questions (MCQs) for 200 marks. A total of 101 subjects will be covered in the UGC NET Exam. Candidates will have to select one subject for the NET Exam preferably the subject of their post-graduation. The PDF file links for UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus for all subjects are mentioned below:

Subject Code Subject Syllabus [in English] Syllabus [in Hindi]
01 Economics / Rural Economics /Co-operation / Demography / Development Planning/ Development Studies / Econometrics/ Applied Economics/Development Eco./Business Economics  Download Download
02 Political Science  Download Download
03 Philosophy  Download Download
04 Psychology  Download Download
05 Sociology  Download Download
06 History  Download Download
07 Anthropology  Download Download
08 Commerce  Download Download
09 Education  Download Download
10 Social Work  Download Download
11 Defence and Strategic Studies  Download Download
12 Home Science  Download Download
14 Public Administration  Download Download
15 Population Studies  Download Download
16 Music  Download Download
17 Management (including Business Admn. Mgt./Marketing/ Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./ Personnel Mgt./Financial Mgt./Co-operative Management)  Download Download
18 Maithili  Download Download
19 Bengali  Download Download
20 Hindi    Download
21 Kannada  Download Download
22 Malayalam  Download Download
23 Oriya  Download Download
24 Punjabi  Download Download
25 Sanskrit  Download Download
26 Tamil  Download Download
27 Telugu  Download Download
28 Urdu  Download Download
29 Arabic  Download Download
30 English  Download Download
31 Linguistics  Download Download
32 Chinese  Download Download
33 Dogri  Download Download
34 Nepali  Download Download
35 Manipuri  Download Download
36 Assamese  Download Download
37 Gujarati  Download Download
38 Marathi  Download Download
39 French (French Version)  Download Download
40 Spanish  Download Download
41 Russian  Download Download
42 Persian  Download Download
43 Rajasthani  Download Download
44 German  Download Download
45 Japanese  Download Download
46 Adult Education/ Continuing Education/ Andragogy/ Non Formal Education.  Download Download
47 Physical Education  Download Download
49 Arab Culture and Islamic Studies  Download Download
50 Indian Culture  Download Download
55 Labour Welfare/Personnel Management/Industrial Relations/ Labour and Social Welfare/Human Resource Management  Download Download
58 Law  Download Download
59 Library and Information Science  Download Download
60 Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian and Peace Studies  Download Download
62 Comparative Study of Religions  Download Download
63 Mass Communication and Journalism  Download Download
65 Performing Art – Dance/Drama/Theatre  Download Download
66 Museology & Conservation  Download Download
67 Archaeology  Download Download
68 Criminology  Download Download
70 Tribal and Regional Language/Literature  Download Download
71 Folk Literature  Download Download
72 Comparative Literature  Download Download
73 Sanskrit traditional subjects (including) Jyotisha/Sidhanta Jyotish/ Navya Vyakarna/ Vyakarna/ Mimansa/ Navya Nyaya/ Sankhya Yoga/ Tulanatmaka Darsan/ Shukla Yajurveda/ Madhav Vedant/ Dharmasasta/ Sahitya/ Puranotihasa /Agama).    Download
74 Women Studies  Download Download
79 Visual Art (including Drawing & Painting/Sculpture Graphics/Applied Art/History of Art)  Download Download
80 Geography  Download Download
81 Social Medicine & Community Health  Download Download
82 Forensic Science  Download Download
83 Pali  Download Download
84 Kashmiri  Download Download
85 Konkani  Download Download
87 Computer Science and Applications  Download Download
88 Electronic Science  Download  
89 Environmental Sciences  Download  
90 Politics including International Relations/International Studies including Defence/Strategic Studies, West Asian Studies, South East Asian Studies, African Studies, South Asian Studies, Soviet Studies, American Studies.  Download Download
91 Prakrit  Download Download
92 Human Rights and Duties  Download Download
93 Tourism Administration and Management.  Download Download
94 Bodo    Download
95 Santali    Download
100 Yoga  Download Download
101 Sindhi Download Download


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